Collapse of International Peace

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(a) How did the 1935 plebiscite change the situation in the Saar? [5] (b) The policy of appeasement was justified.’ How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer. [8]
Study the extract, and then answer the questions which follow. Hitler has got away with it. France is not marching. No wonder the faces of the Nazi leaders were all smiles. Oh, the stupidity of the French. I learnt today that the German troops had orders to make a hasty retreat if the French army opposed them in any way. An American journalist writing, in 1936, about the remilitarization of the Rhineland. (a) What were the aims of Hitler’s foreign policy? [5]

(b) Why was Hitler’s foreign policy successful up to 1938? [7] (a) When Hitler came to power, what did he hope to achieve with his foreign policy? [5] (b) Explain how Hitler destroyed the Treaty of Versailles. [7] (c) How far was appeasement justified? Explain your answer. [8] Study the extract, and then answer the questions which follow. Hitler has got away with remilitarisation of the Rhineland. France is not marching. No wonder the faces of Nazi leaders were all smiles. Oh, the stupidity (or is it the paralysis?) of the French. I learnt today that the German troops had orders to beat a hasty retreat if the French army opposed them in any way.

An American journalist in Germany, writing in 1936.

(a) In what ways did Hitler build up his armed forces before 1936? [5] (b) Why was remilitarisation of the Rhineland a risk for Hitler? [7] (c) ‘The policy of appeasement was a failure.’ How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer. [8]
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