Cold War Review Questions
1. After defeating the Germans, the United States and the Soviet Union were two nuclear-armed superpowers. 2. Containment is the purpose of which was to resist the extension of Soviet expansion and influence in the expectation that eventually the Soviet Union would collapse from internal pressures and the burdens of its foreign oppression. 3. The United States tried to contain the Soviet Union in the East of Europe. They were kept in Russia, Germany, and Vietnam for a few examples. 4. 1956 was a highly important year because of the three crises that occurred. The Suez Intervention, Polish efforts towards independent action, and the Hungarian uprising all happened in 1956. In 1962, the main event was the invasion of Czechoslovakia. 5. Khrushchev absolutely opposed all ideas of Stalin. He even had a process called de-Stalinization in which he put the Soviet Union in a state before Stalin came into power. 6. Many people considered Khrushchev reckless because he tore the ideas of communism down. He allowed freer expression of opinion, made modest efforts to meet the demand for more consumer goods, decentralized economic planning, and removed many restrictive regulations on private cultivation. 7. The European economy in post-World War II had collapsed. European colonial powers were less able to afford to maintain their military and administrative positions abroad. 8. World War II drew the military forces of the colonial powers back to Europe. 9. Gandhi held peaceful revolts against the British. Often times he even was arrested and put into jail. Whenever put into jail, Gandhi would have extensive dieting fast to embarrass the British. He ended up gaining worldwide publicity and eventually led to the British decolonization of India. 10. The British retreat from empire involved violence but at no point did the British “make a stand.” On the contrary, France fought to reassert its position as a great...
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