Cold War Essay

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During the time period of 1948-1961, many new fears, such as terror of communists within the country, spread of communism abroad, and the development of nuclear weapons along with the space race, arose in the American people. Through their determination to remain the dominant power in the world and to ensure chaos would not take place in the United States, Eisenhower and his administration made sure they successfully addressed and handled these fears properly.

With the Korean War coming to a close and the Second World War having finished only eight years ago, Eisenhower took office in the midst of the Cold War against the communist country of the Soviet Union. Already, there had been a lot of hysteria about the events that had taken place and the new president made sure he addressed them from the beginning (Doc. A). One of the main fears arising in the country was the fear of communists within the country itself and many people knew that it could have very bad consequences if communism infiltrated the sanctuary of democracy (Doc. B). In order to keep the crowds’ fears under control, Eisenhower (along with Truman’s previous actions) helped to create the Loyalty Review Board. This helped the government to sort out the bad weeds within its very own structure. The next organization created helped find communists, too. This committee was known as the HUAC, which was lead by future president Richard Nixon. He helped to capture many communists and his most famous was his take-down of Alger Hiss. Another important event that took place was the arrest and eventual execution of the Rosenbergs, who were secretly passing information to the Soviets about the atomic bomb. The final event that helped ease the fears of the people was idea of McCarthyism, which was named after the U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy. It was the act of falsely accusing someone else of being a communist. The whole idea spread like wild fire and was accepted openly in the United States, until McCarthy...
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