Cold War DBQ
Between 1945 and 1950, the tensions increased between the United States and the Soviet Union. Both superpowers, with varying standpoints on global affairs, were brought to the brink of war. As the United States pushed for the containment of communism, and the development of capitalist democracies, the Soviet Union continued to impose communist rule amongst itself and its satellite nations. Eventually, these conflicting views would lead to the start of the Cold War. Fueled by the disagreement of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., the war would be fought indirectly through propaganda and influence from leaders, the development of alliances, as well as the arms race.
While the U.S. promoted capitalism, the USSR continued to practice communism, denouncing the actions taken by the U.S. Following its policy of containment, the U.S. believed that it had the right to take part in affairs that would stop the spread of Communism. This included the aiding of countries who were struggling to recover after World War II, and faced the threat of subjugation by communist forces. In Document 2, which recalls the speech of President Truman to Congress, he suggested that it is the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting domination by outside pressure, referring to the necessity of helping Greece and Turkey with their resistance of communism. Following this proposition, in Document 3, Secretary of State Marshall emphasized the need for economic support to European nations as it would ultimately affect the world at large. Contrastingly, as shown in Document 6, the Russian leader Nikita Khrushchev urged his people not to believe in the intentions of the U.S., as he viewed it as a way for the United States to achieve personal benefit and secure a dominant position in the capitalist world. These substantially different views impelled Soviet and United States relations to weaken and would lead to growing tensions between the two sides.
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