Cold War

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Cold War
1945-1991
- a rivalry between two superpowers. The U. S. and the Soviet Union. - during this time the world was a bipolar world.
- bipolar vs multipolar. Since 1991 we have lived in a multipolar world. - Cold War means there was always the threat of war but it never happens.

Cold War Presidents
Harry S. Truman ( 1945- 1952 )
- United Nations
- International Monetary Fund
- Nuremberg Trials - 1945 - 1946
- Truman Doctrine- 1947
- Containment Doctrine- 1946
- National Security Act- 1947
- Marshall Plan - 1947
- Berlin airlift - 1948
- Truman's election- 1948
- NATO- 1949
- Korean conflict - 1950-53
- communist revolution in China - 1949

Dwight D. Eisenhower ( 1952- 1960 )
- 1954- KGB founded
- 1954- Vietnam Conflict begins
- 1955- Warsaw Pact begins
- 1956- Suez Crisis
- 1957- Sputnik launched

John F. Kennedy ( 1960- 1963 )
- 1959- Cuban revolution
- 1960- U2 incident
- 1961- Bay of Pigs
- 1961- Berlin Wall constructed
- 1962- Cuban missile crisis

Lyndon Johnson ( 1963- 1968 )
- 1964- Gulf of Tonkin incident
- 1965 - U.S. Escalates involvement in Vietnam

Richard Nixon ( 1968 - 1974 )
- 1969- Apollo 11 lands on the moon
- 1972- SALT I
- 1972- Nixon goes to China

Gerald Ford ( 1974- 1976 )
- 1975- Vietnam becomes a communist nation

Jimmy Carter ( 1976 - 1980 )
-1979- SALT II
- 1979- Soviets invade Afghanistan
- 1979- Iran hostage crisis

Ronald Reagan ( 1980 - 1988 )
- 1983- Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)
- 1985- Iran- Contra Affair
- 1985- Gorbachev takes power in the Soviet Union

George H. W. Bush ( 1988 - 1992 )
- 1989- Poland and Hungary become independent
- 1990- Germany reunited
- 1991- Warsaw Pact ends
- 1991- Soviet Union dissolves into Commonwealth of independent States (CIS)

How did the Cold War first develop? When did it become clear that the US and Soviet Union would be rival superpowers? - Churchill's " Iron Curtain " speech in 1946.
- the...
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