World History Acc.
March 9, 2013
Cold and Hot Tensions of the Cold War
The so-called “Cold War” was mostly considered to be a struggle over political differences carried on by means of short military action or war. After World War II had ended because the U.S. and the Soviets had teamed up with the Allies and defeated the Nazis, the alliance between the U.S. and the Soviets began to unravel because of certain disagreements such as when Joseph Stalin signed a nonaggression pact with Hitler and when Soviet Russia supported communism unlike the U.S. and their support of democracy. Two events that turned the Cold War cold and hot was President Harry S. Truman’s foreign policy called containment and the U-2 incident in the Soviet Union.
One event that turned the war cold was when President Truman planned to block Soviet influence and stop the expansion of communism. When the Soviets wanted communism to spread, the Americans were angered and wanted to stop their influence and spread democracy. Part of Truman’s plan was the Truman Doctrine which was his support for countries rejecting communism and the Marshall Plan which gave aid to needy European countries to rebuild Western Europe. Congress voted approval and the plan was a success because it gave aid to Turkey, Greece, and Communist Yugoslavia when it broke away from Soviet domination, and other countries.
On the other hand, the U-2 incident in the Soviet Union gave “hot” tensions to the Cold War. The Soviets had shot down a U-2 plane of the United States and captured its pilot, Francis Gary Powers. What triggered this superpower conflict was when five years earlier, Eisenhower proposed that the U.S. and the Soviet Union be able to fly over each other’s territory to guard against surprise nuclear attacks, but the Soviets declined leading to the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency to respond with their U-2 invasion. This definitely heightened Cold War tensions.
Although the Cold...