Cohesion in Short Story

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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background

Cohesion is a device used in connecting two sentences and indicating the relationship between them. Without cohesion text is merely collections of more or less isolated elements of text, which are not related to one another. Cohesion constructs the elements of text relating to each other. This relationship implies the continuity or unity, which is necessary for the interpretation of text. Cohesion is used to link one sentence to the preceding one or between clauses to the preceding one.

However, these elements do not have only the relation of describing the unity, but also an arrangement and close tie among them, so the harmony relationship that is called the cohesiveness will be achieved. In this sense, a device of cohesion function is to obtain the unity and cohesiveness in the text.

Thus, in writing this thesis the writer takes short story as the object of the research. The short story is a means of conveying ideas, thought and feeling of written from the writer to the reader. It is one of kind writing which starts from a particular point of problem, developed through a particular strategy of processing and discussing ideas as well. Surely, the short story is not constructed by separated elements one another, but supported by the cohesive devices which build up the unity and the cohesive of the short story.

By taking this phenomena as the starting point, then the writer wants to analyze the types of grammatical and lexical cohesion used in each sentence of the short story and describe the functions of them, which formally exist as a device of creating the unity and cohesiveness. In this case, the writer tries to analyze the short story.

1.2 Identification of Problem
After reading the short story, the writer finds out there are some problems as follows: 1. Grammatical and lexical cohesions have functions, which are used in analyzing this short story. 2. Grammatical and lexical cohesions have types that used in analyzing this short story.

1.3 Scope of Problem
In this thesis, the writer tries to limit his problem in the using of grammatical cohesions, such as reference and conjunction. Beside that, the writer is going to discuss lexical cohesions which are divided into repetition and synonym.

1.4 Statement of Problem
Based on the previous explanation, the writer limits his discussion to the following points: 1. What are the functions of grammatical and lexical cohesions used in each sentence of short story? 2. What types of grammatical and lexical cohesions which are found in each sentence of short story?

1.5 Objective of Writing
The objectives of this study as below:
1. To describe the functions of grammatical and lexical cohesions which are found in each sentence of short story. 2. To analyze the types of grammatical and lexical cohesions which are used in each sentence of short story.

1.6 Significance of Study
1.6.1 Theoretical
The writer hopes his writing will be:
A small thought which might help to keep and to develop our ability in analyzing grammatical and lexical cohesions. 1.6.2 Practical
The writer hopes his writing will be:
a. A contribution or feedback for the students of university, in analyzing grammatical and lexical cohesions especially in part of reference, conjunction, repetition, and synonym. b. A stepping stone for further researcher.

1.7 Methodology
In arranging this thesis, the writer uses the methods of research as a procedure to write, as follows: 1.8.1 Library Research
In this research, the writer visits the library and finds some books or sources, which are relevant with his writing as a supporting materials or additional information. Those books can be found in library of Faculty of Letters, Hasanuddin University. 1.8.2.1 Method of Collecting Data

The data are...
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