Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper
Out of the many branches of psychology, cognitive psychology is the “branch of psychology that studies mental processes” (Cherry, 2010). Many individuals have contributed too many milestones related to the development and growth of cognitive psychology. Behavioral observation is very important in cognitive psychology die to the abstract nature of cognition.
The mental processes that cognitive psychology studies include how people think, perceive, remember, and learn. The main core focus of cognitive psychology is how people gather, process, and store information (Cherry, 2010). Cognitive psychology us very different from previous psychological approaches in two major ways:
• It accepts the use of the Scientific Method and generally rejects introspection as a valid method of investigation, unlike the symbol-driven approaches used in Freudian psychology (Schunk, 2008).
• It explicitly acknowledges the existence of internal mental states, such as belief, desire, and motivation, unlike behaviorist psychology (Schunk, 2008).
There are several positive aspects behind cognitive psychology such as ways to improve memory, increase decision making accuracy, and also how to enhance learning (Cherry, 2010).
Ulric Neisser played a major role in the development of cognitive psychology when he published his first, and most influential, of his books: Cognitive Psychology in 1967. Then in 1976, Neisser wrote another book titled, Cognition and Reality, in which he expressed his criticisms on the field of cognitive psychology. First, he was unhappy with the linear programming model of cognitive psychology and how it over-emphasized information processing models that were used to describe and explain behavior. Secondly, Neisser felt that cognitive psychology had failed, in many ways, to...