August 16, 2013
Psychology is a wide world. In this paper we will discuss only one area of psychology, cognitive psychology. Students will learn what cognitive psychology is and how it affects a person. It will discuss the four key milestones in the development of cognitive psychology as a discipline and the importance of behavioral observation in cognitive psychology. According to Dr. Lawrence W. Smith, “Psychology is a scientific discipline that is both academic and applied. It is focused on behavior, including cognitive or mental functions.” What is Cognitive Psychology?
Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that studies mental processes including how people think, perceive, remember and learn. As part of the larger field of cognitive science, this branch of psychology is related to other disciplines including neuroscience, philosophy and linguistics. The core focus of cognitive psychology is on how people acquire, process and store information. There are numerous practical applications for cognitive research, such as improving memory, increasing decision-making accuracy and structuring educational curricula to enhance learning (American Psychology Association 2013). Key Milestones as a Discipline of Cognitive Psychology
There are four key milestones of cognitive psychology, one key milestone was neuroscience. Neuroscience can examine how the brain and the nervous system determine behaviors. Neuroscientists can account for clever behavior through the use of abstract constructs, hypothetical representations, and processes (Willingham, 2007). Neuroscientist also recognized conclusive links between structures of the brain and functioning (Willingham, 2007). Through neuroscience, cognitive psychologist use methods of localization in recognizing brain areas that enable functioning (Willingham, 2007). The research of neuroscientists permits the understanding of...
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