April 11, 2012
Norma Turner PhD
The definition of psychology involves the desire to understand and knowhow the human mind processes information, through responses, and stimuli. Cognitive psychology was introduced, and publicized by Ulric Neisser in 1967. “Psychologists study the internal processes that include attention, perception, memory, language and thinking” (McLeod, 2007). Some of the key milestones included in the cognitive psychology development include: neuroscience, artificial intelligence, information processing, crumbled behaviorism, and computer metaphor. The theory of learning of behaviorism was based on the ideas that behaviors can be acquired through conditioning. “The elements that are combined are theory, methodology, and philosophy” (McLeod, 2007). The human mind processes like a computer, with this is where the information processing and computer metaphor come as the main components in cognitive psychology. Providing data that out brain inputs to our minds can alter the senses in a person, this is where information processing comes in. The artificial intelligence is a set of theoretical representations, processes in computer systems development that can perform normal tasks that will require a human intelligence. The study of neuroscience shows the nervous systems works and develops what it does and how it is structured. The cognitive approach was introduced to unhappiness an dissatisfaction on behavioral approach, which focuses on behavior is visible without possessing the understanding of the processing is internal. This was based on principles showing that behavior can be generated by responses from stimuli due to the thought process. “Cognitive (meaning "knowing") psychologists attempt to create rules and explanations of human behavior and eventually generalize them to everyone's behavior” (Cognitive Approach Psychology, n.d). The humanistic approach it opposes this,...