Cognitive Development

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Cognitive Development
Thronging centuries, arguments about how information and knowledge be acquired, percept and organized tend to be settled. Cognitive process involves not only mental process but also thinking and knowing (Oakley.L,(2004). The word cognition can be defined as the process of learning or knowing information. This easy is going to explain the development of cognitive approach to educational psychology, Piaget’s theory of cognitive development and the educational implication of Piaget’s theory. Firstly, a large amount researches and experiment conducted during centuries that promoted the development of cognitive psychology, although not all researches related to education psychology, cognitive psychology as a fast-growing field dominoes American psychology, and can be used to explain educational psychology which improve the knowledge of cognitive psychology from associationism and behaviorism. Behaviorism as a branch of associationism dominated the world of psychology from twenty century which can be explained by the relationship between observable behavior and environment events. But as more experiment and large number of researches were conducted, those revealed that the mental organizing and processing information occupied critical position during learning process which refer to cognitive approach. Cognitive approach emphasizes the learners’ characteristics and mental work compared with earlier associationism and behaviorism. During learning process which under cognitive approach, the learner are assumed to be active information processor and the previous knowledge which existing learners mind interacting with new information leads to learning outcome. As educational instructors, more attention should be allocated to how to actively motivate learners such as using reward and instructional objects in order to improve the learning outcome. Secondly, under the situation of fully knowing the importance and procedure of how cognitive approach...
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