Cognitive behavioral therapy (or cognitive behavioral therapies or CBT) is a psychotherapeutic approach that aims to solve problems concerning dysfunctional emotions, behaviors and cognitions through a goal-oriented, systematic procedure.[i] The title is used in diverse ways to designate behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, and to refer to therapy based upon a combination of basic behavioral and cognitive research. There is empirical evidence that CBT is effective for the treatment of a variety of problems, including mood, anxiety, personality, eating, substance abuse, and psychotic disorders.[ii] Treatment is often manualized, with specific technique-driven brief, direct, and time-limited treatments for specific psychological disorders. CBT is used in individual therapy as well as group settings, and the techniques are often adapted for self-help applications. Characteristics of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies:
1. Thoughts cause Feelings and Behaviors.
2. Brief and Time-Limited.
Average # of sessions = 16
3. Emphasis placed on current behavior.
4. CBT is a collaborative effort between the therapist and the client. Client role - define goals, express concerns, learn & implement learning Therapist role - help client define goals, listen, teach, encourage. 5. Teaches the benefit of remaining calm or at least neutral when faced with difficult situations. (If you are upset by your problems, you now have 2 problems: 1) the problem, and 2) your upsetness. 6. Based on "rational thought." - Fact not assumptions.
7. CBT is structured and directive. Based on notion that maladaptive behaviors are the result of skill deficits. 8. Based on assumption that most emotional and behavioral reactions are learned. Therefore, the goal of therapy is to help clients unlearn their unwanted reactions and to learn a new way of reacting. 9. Homework is a central feature of CBT.
In CBT, the therapist and...