Cognitive and the Psychodynamic Unconscious

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The first article Integration of the Cognitive and the Psychodynamic Unconscious discusses the set of psychology theories, which says that there are two parallel modes of information processing in humans – first an intuitive, natural and experiential, second an analytical, deliberate and rational method. The author uses the Cognitive Experiential self theory (hereby referred as CEST) to confirm that the above two modes are integrative. The author talks about the new theory of cognitive unconscious, which challenges the established Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis suggesting that unconscious thinking is adaptive and that it automatically organizes learning through new experiences and direct human behaviour accordingly. The existence of an intuitive thinking is also supported by different multi processing theories which validates the existence of a nonverbal or imagistic or narrative or procedural or episodic memory. The author says that emotions and experiential thoughts have a unique relation, as emotions highly influence experiential thinking and at the same time experiential thoughts directly influence the emotions associated with a particular scenario, this is also a central assumption of the CEST. The CEST further suggests that experiential thinking is capable of processing information automatically, effortlessly and efficiently. It continuously influences conscious thinking during every situation and the relative dominance of one of them is very subjective to a person’s thinking and circumstances. Hence the author finally suggests that human behaviour is a combination of these two systems working in perfect and efficient synchronization. The second article The Empirical Case for two systems of reasoning suggests that human mind can work in two different ways, namely associative and analytic. An associative mindset works on the basis of similarity and contiguity deriving its knowledge base from the past experiences. It categorizes any situation into a...
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