Current Trends and Scope in Cognitive Psychology
Ulric Neisser coined the term "cognitive psychology" in his book Cognitive Psychology, published in 1967, wherein Neisser provides a definition of cognitive psychology characterizing people as dynamic information-processing systems whose mental operations might be described in computational terms. Also emphasizing that it is a "point of view" that postulates the mind as having a certain conceptual structure. Neisser's point of view endows the discipline with a scope beyond high-level concepts such as "reasoning" that other works often espouse as defining psychology. Neisser's definition of "cognition" illustrates this well: The term "cognition" refers to all processes by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered, and used. It is concerned with these processes even when they operate in the absence of relevant stimulation, as in images and hallucinations... Given such a sweeping definition, it is apparent that cognition is involved in everything a human being might possibly do; that, psychological phenomenon is a cognitive phenomenon. But although cognitive psychology is concerned with all human activity rather than some fraction of it, the concern is from a particular point of view. The time and place of Cognitive psychology today both contribute to its vibrancy. The 1990's were declared as the "Decade of the Brain" by the U.S. Congress. Cognitive psychology, neo-cognition, development of cognitive psychology are all the fields of cognitive psychology is thriving in. Discoveries and new scopes are made to attract both the science and humanities students .Many new core concepts of Mental representations ,Cognitive Architecture, Memory stores ,Consciousness, Behavioural Measures and many Neo-cognition models have been developed. Developing from the information processing approach, present...
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