Coffee is a brewed beverage with a distinct aroma and flavor from the roasted seeds of the coffea plant.Coffee comes in many types of colour such as dark brown,white,beige,black,light brown,and more.
Coffee was first discovered in the northeast region of Ethopia.Cofee cultivation first took place in southern Arabia,appears in the middle of the 15th century in the Sufi shrines of Yemen.According to the ancient chronicle,Omar who was known for his ability to cure sick through prayer was once exiled from Mocha,Yemen to a desert cave near Ousab.Starving,Omar chewed berries from nearby shrubbery but found them to the bitter.He tried roasting the seeds to improve the flavor,but they become hard.He then tried boiling them to soften the seeds,which resulted in a fragrant brown liquid.Upon drinking the liquid,Omar was revitalized and sustained for days.As stories of this ‘miracle drug’ reached Mocha,Omar was asked to return and was made a saint.
In production of coffee,it consist of many steps such as processing,roasting,grading the roasting seeds,decaffeination,stored,brewing and finally be served. When processing the coffee,the berries of coffee have been traditionally and selectively picked by hand,only the berries at the peak of ripeness would be selected.After that,green coffee is process by one of two methods.Whether by dry process method or wet process method.Then,it will be sorted by ripeness and colour.After that,the seeds are fermented to remove the slimy layer of mucilage still present on the seeds.When the fermentation is finished,the seeds are washed to remove the fermentation residue.Then,the seeds are dried.Finally,the coffee is sorted again and been labeled. The roasting process influences the taste of the beverage by changing the coffee seed both physically and chemically.During roasting,caramelization occurs as intense heat that breaks down starches,changing them to simple sugars that begin to brown,which alters the colour of...
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