For this assignment, we’ll compare the Code of Hammurabi and the Torah in regards to the laws both documents established. First, please follow the steps below:
1. Go to the online search engine, the Bible Gateway (www.biblegateway.com)
2. In the Search box, enter the keywords “eye for eye.”
3. Select Old Testament. Please use the New International Version of the Bible. In this assignment we are interested only in results from the books of the Pentateuch or the Torah, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
4. Using the same technique, search for the word “slave.”
5. Reread the Code of Hammurabi in your Andrea/Overfield text. Look for references to the phrase “eye for eye” and “slave.”
6. Compare the references from the Torah with the passages in the Code of Hammurabi which also contain the same phase and word(s).
Now, answer the following questions:
How do those two sets of laws refer to the concept “eye for eye”? What similarities and differences do you detect in this regard in the two texts? What do those similarities and differences tell us about the societies, their laws, and development of civilizations in general?
In a similar fashion, please evaluate the two texts in reference to the word “slave.” What similarities and differences do you detect in this regard in the two texts? What do those similarities and differences tell us about the societies, their laws, and development of civilizations in general?
Now, go back to your discussion on social justice in the Code of Hammurabi you submitted for the lesson on Mesopotamia. Does the comparison with the Torah change your initial reaction to the social justice exercised through the Code of Hammurabi? Please make sure to provide examples to support your answer.
Due date:Feb.18 at 11:30 PM
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