Law: (from the code of Hammurabi)
6. “If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death.”
As with many of the other laws in the Code of Hammurabi, this law is very different from the laws we use today. The punishment of the person who receives the stolen property is not needed because there is a chance that he/she had no idea that the property was in fact stolen. 25. “If fire break out in a house, and some one who comes to put it out cast his eye upon the property of the owner of the house, and take the property of the master of the house, he shall be thrown into that self-same fire.”
Again the punishment in this situation is quite severe. In today’s legal system, burning a thief is not an accepted punishment. 110. “If a "sister of a god" open a tavern, or enter a tavern to drink, then shall this woman be burned to death.”
In today’s laws burning someone to death is not a legal punishment. Also there is no distinction between whether the act was accidental or deliberate. 126. “If any one who has not lost his goods state that they have been lost, and make false claims: if he claim his goods and amount of injury before God, even though he has not lost them, he shall be fully compensated for all his loss claimed. (I.e., the oath is all that is needed.)”
Back in 1772 BCE having someone swear under oath to God was enough for his or her loss to be compensated. Nowadays we look at evidence and witness testimonies and do not rely solely on one person’s word. 132. “If the "finger is pointed" at a man's wife about another man, but she is not caught sleeping with the other man, she shall jump into the river for her husband.”
In today’s society, no one is expected to jump in to a river to prove their innocence or fidelity to their spouse. 154. “If a man be guilty of incest with his daughter, he shall be driven from the place (exiled).”...
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