Jose Garcia Villa (5 August 1908 – 12 June 1973) is a Filipino poet and a National Artist for Literature. He is known for introducing the "reversed consonance rime scheme," as well as for "comma poems" that made full use of the punctuation mark in an innovative way. Villa is also a short story writer, critic, and painter.
Written Works: Philippine Short Stories: Best 25 Short Stories of 1928; Philippine Love Stories; Footnote to Youth: Tales of the Philippines and Others; Poems by Doveglion; Have Come, Am Here (1942), Volume Two (1949), and Selected Poems and New (1958) and ect.
Francisco Sionil Jose
He has been called a Philippine national treasure. Born on December 4, 1924 in Rosales, Philippines, he was introduced to literature in public school and later at the University of Santo Tomas. While working as a journalist in Manila, he moonlighted writing short stories and eventually novels. In the late fifties Jose founded the Philippine branch of PEN, an international organization of poets, playwrights, and novelists. In 1965 he started his own publishing house SOLIDARIDAD, and a year later he began publishing the remarkable Solidarity, a journal of current affairs, ideas, and arts, still going strong today. Jose wrote in English rather than in his national language Tagalog, or his native language Illocano. In 1962 he published his first novel The Pretenders. Today his publications include ten novels, five books of short stories, and a book of verse. His works are available in 24 languages and some have recently been published in North America by Random House. He has been awarded numerous fellowships and awards, most notable being the 1980 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Journalism, Literature, and Creative Communication Arts, the most prestigious award of its kind in Asia.
(13 July 1924 – 23 May 2011)
Alejandro Reyes Roces (13 July 1924 – 23 May 2011) was a Filipino author, essayist, dramatist and a National Artist of the Philippines for literature. He served as Secretary of Educationfrom 1961 to 1965, during the term of Philippine President Diosdado Macapagal. During his freshman year in the University of Arizona, Roces won Best Short Story for We Filipinos are Mild Drinkers. Another of his stories, My Brother’s Peculiar Chicken, was listed as Martha Foley’s Best American Stories among the most distinctive for years 1948 and 1951. Roces did not only focus on short stories alone, as he also published books such as Of Cocks and Kites (1959), Fiesta (1980), and Something to Crow About (2005). Of Cocks and Kites earned him the reputation as the country's best writer of humorous stories. It also contained the widely anthologized piece “My Brother’s Peculiar Chicken”. Fiesta, is a book of essays, featuring folk festivals such as Ermita's Bota Flores, Aklan's Ati-atihan, and Naga's Peñafrancia.
Summary of My Brother’s Peculiar Chicken
He and his brother Kiko one day were driving the chickens from the cornfield until they heard two chickens fighting with each other. Kiko caught one of the chickens and it looked peculiar, perhaps strange. The brothers fought over it because they don’t know whether it is a rooster or a hen (for Kiko, it is a rooster, and for his brother a hen). And so they told their parents but in the end they just argued as well. Kiko found a way to settle this problem; they asked help to teniente del barrio, the chief of the village but he didn’t know for he thought it was a bird of some kind. Next, they decided to go to the town of Katabusan where Mr. Eduardo Cruz lived. He studied poultry raising in University of the Philippines and operated so he is an expert on chickens and eggs. He told them that if it had round feathers on its back, it is a hen, but if rather pointed, then it is a rooster. Upon examining, it had both kinds of feathers so he suggested killing it and examining its insides but Kiko yelled,...