8th Grade English
Cocaine is a Local Anesthetic and is unusual due to its affects on the brain. Usually Local Anesthetics have a common molecule with one slight difference that creates amides or esters, but cocaine has a completely different molecule setup but is still considered a Local Anesthetic. Its molecule is a complex alkaloid. This can cross the blood brain barrier and can have major affects on the brain and central nervous system. I will tell you what cocaine is, what its affects are, and what penalties and treatment you can receive. Cocaine is a local anesthetic and is categorized as a stimulant that’s administered through snorting, injecting, or smoked with a purified form called crack. This stimulant stimulates your central Nervous system and peripheral nervous system. Common names for the drug include coke, powder, snow, blow, or flakes. It is extracted from the leaves of erythroxylon coca bush, which contains 0.6% to 1.8% of the alkaloid that makes cocaine.
This is a photo of the drug itself in the form of powder. Powder is used for snorting and it affects the body in about five minutes. (Photo received by Stuart Fox)
There are many psychological and physical affects from short term cocaine usage. Psychological symptoms include Euphoria (excitement), heightened self-confidence, alertness, energy, reduced need for food and insomnia. Physical symptoms include elevated artery pressure, increased heart rate and respiration, and increased loco-motor activity. Long-term usage causes many different problems to your body and mind. Long term psychological affects include dysphoria (unhappiness), anxiety and panic, Delusions and paranoia. Long-term physical affects include pacing, restlessness, and grinding of the teeth. Withdrawal symptoms from cocaine have three phases of cravings. The first phase includes major symptoms of depression and...