Coasts and Their Management

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  • Topic: Galveston, Texas, Erosion, Hurricane Ike
  • Pages : 8 (2597 words )
  • Download(s) : 142
  • Published : April 29, 2013
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Fieldwork supports the geography curriculum by promoting geographical knowledge and understanding (Job et al 1999). In helping to bridge the divide between the classroom and the real world (Fuller 2006), and it helps to reinforce students’ understanding of geographical terminology and processes (Job et al1999). Victoria Stuckey

Bellaire High School
SL Human Geography
Internal Assessment Fieldwork

Fieldwork supports the geography curriculum by promoting geographical knowledge and understanding (Job et al 1999). In helping to bridge the divide between the classroom and the real world (Fuller 2006), and it helps to reinforce students’ understanding of geographical terminology and processes (Job et al1999). Victoria Stuckey

Bellaire High School
SL Human Geography
Internal Assessment Fieldwork

Victoria Stuckey
2012
Coasts and Their Management
Victoria Stuckey
2012
Coasts and Their Management

Contents
A. Fieldwork Question and Geographic Context2
B. Method of Investigation3
D. Written Analysis5
Station 1- Apffel Park5
Station 2- 31st Rear Street and Seawall Boulevard7
Station 3- West end of Seawall9
Station 4- Galveston Island State Park10
E. Conclusion12
F. Evaluation13

Word Count: 2,464

A. Fieldwork Question and Geographic Context

In the preliminary stages of this fieldwork assessment, the main question that we had in mind was: “Has there been shoreline accretion or erosion within the last year?” We studied and focused on the effect of human development on various specific locations on the Galveston beach. (Figure A below) My hypothesis was that there was severe accretion because of three reasons. Increased ship and harbor activity, lack of storms, and increasing pollution due to various cities along the coast. But how does human interference actually effect the natural erosion and accretion patterns over time? Understanding the geographical conditions of the island is crucial to forming sensible results. Galveston is situated on the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Texas. The formation of the island began about 5000 years ago through the building up of sand deposits in the shallow water of the Texas coast. The barrier island was created by waves that washed water and sand in a perpendicular direction from the beach. Gradually these sand deposits piled up in the direction of the open sea, finally forming the barrier island of Galveston. St the north end of the island lies the Galveston bay opening up to the mainland off the coast. Galveston and the Bolivar Peninsula protects the bay which lies directly north of the island. A jetty extends to the gulf from the northeastern side of the island, which effectively breaks up the sediment coming in from the channel leading to the bay. After the hurricane of 1915, a seawall was built to protect the island from future storms. The section extending to the south of the seawall contains many structures generally vacation homes. Galveston has a passive margin coast because of it’s direct connection to the Atlantic Coast. More and more of the world’s people live in coastal regions. Many major cities are on or near good harbors and have port facilities, some places even going as far to make canals to gain the port status. Coasts also attract many people – especially ones with warm water- and among these people, include tourists. It is important to ensure sustainable tourism and that tourist locations do not exceed their carrying capacities.

B. Method of Investigation

The class went to Galveston to collect data on November the fourteenth, two thousand and twelve. To determine the slope of the beaches, we used two survey markers with a piece of tape to indicate every five centimeters down the markers. The two PVC markers were placed ten meters apart for each measurement that we took. The way we did this was to first put a marker on a landmark that stayed static over time. Then, we put the tape measure on the pole, and extended it...
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