Coastal Regulation Zones in India

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  • Topic: Tide, Coast, Tidal force
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  • Published : December 8, 2011
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Coastal Regulation Zone
Decisions to protect and improve human environment in conference of united nations at stolkhome in June 1972
Promulgumation of environmental protection act in 1986
Superceding effect over all acts
3(2)(V) of the act empowers for restrictions of industries,operation or processes in a particular area or zone.
Late prime minister Smt. Indira Gandhi,after visiting goa beach,found it expedient to impose restrictions for protection of beach.
Study groups set up in 1982.
Guidelines were finalised in July 1983 declaring 500 mt area as restricted.
In order to have legal efficacy, draft notification issued on 15.12.1990
Final notification on 19 02 1991
Gazzetted on 20 02 1991
Last amendment on 21.05.2002
Web site
Definition of HTL
Q.1What is High Tide Line ?
Line up to which the highest water line reaches during the spring tide. Q.2What is Coastal Regulation zone ?
Coastal stretches of Sea, Bays, Estuaries, Creeks, Rivers and Backwaters which are influenced by the tidal action.
Area between LTL & HTL.
Area upto 500m from HTL
Landward limit of CRZ in creeks
C.R.Z is extended up to what point inside landward direction,in cases of Rivers, Creeks and Backwaters?
Distance upto which tidal effects are experienced
Concentration levels of five parts per 1000.
Width of CRZ belt in creeks
What is the width of Coastal Regulation zone in case of sea and in case of creeks and rivers and backwaters ?
for sea is 500mt. from the High Tide Line.
for Creeks and backwaters
Width of creekWidth of CRZ belt
100m or lessUp to 100m or less

Prohibited activities in CRZ
Prohibited activities in CRZ areas.
Setting up and expansion of existing industries,
Discharging of untreated waste,
Dumping of waste by land filling,
Land reclamation or bunding,
Construction activity in CRZ - I in between Low Tide Line & High Tide Line,
Alteration of sand dunes etc.
What are the different zone in Coastal Regulation zone?
Coastal Regulation zone-I(i)
Areas that are ecological sensitive such as Marine Park, Mangroves, Coral Riffs, etc.
Coastal Regulation zone-I(ii)
Area between the Low Tide Line & High Tide Line.
Development in CRZ - I
No new construction in Coastal Regulation zone-I
Projects of Department of atomic Energy, Pipelines, Transmission Lines are permitted
In CRZ- I (ii)
which are not ecological sensitive exploration and extraction of natural gas, salt harvesting permitted.
Coastal Regulation Zone - II
Developed areas close to the shore line,
Substantially built up areas within legally designated urban areas.
Infrastructure facilities provided.
Development in CRZ - II
Reconstruction permitted subject to existing FSI/FAR norms without change in use
Bldgs. Consistent with surrounding urban landscape & architecture.
Certain relaxations given in latest amendment dated 21.05.2002 for MHADA Projects
Coastal Regulation zone - III
Relatively undisturbed & undeveloped areas
Rural areas within municipal limit which are not substantially built up
Development in CRZ - III
Development permissibility in CRZ - III
0-200m No construction except repairs of authorized structures public utility facilities allowed with permission of state CZMP.
200-500m Development of vacant plots for Hotels /beach resorts with prior approval from MoEF.
Construction / reconstruction of dwelling units within ambit of tradition of rights and customary use such as fishing, villages and gaothans etc.
Coastal Regulation Zone - IV
Applicable only for Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
What is Costal Zone Management Plan?
Identifying coastal stretches & classifying them in different CRZ areas.
Integrated development of these areas.
State level coastal management authority...
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