Coastal and Plateau Native Americans

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Coastal and Plateau Native Americans

By | October 2012
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The Coastal and Plateau Native Americans have different lifestyles in food, housing, and transportation because of where they lived. The Cascade Mountains separate the Coastal and Plateau tribes, and puts them into two different environments, caused by the rainshadow effect. Being in two different environments, means that both of the tribes are in different climates, which changes how they live. The Coastal live in a colder and wetter climate due to being so close to the Pacific Ocean. The Plateau tribe has a warmer and dryer climate since they are farther away.

When it comes to food for the Native Americans, it is very different. For the Coastal tribe, they would fish and hunt all sorts of animals like; salmon, seal, deer, bear, goats, and whale. Whale hunting was really big for the Native Americans, especially tribes that were closer to the ocean. The women would usually pick roots and berries, and cook the food (Lambert 100). The Plateau Native Americans were not by water all the time because they were nomadic. They did not get all the same foods as the Coastal, but they hunted a lot. They usually hunted deer, antelope, rabbits, goats, and buffalo. When they moved by water, they would get salmon and other fish (Lambert 100-102).

Coastal and Plateau Native Americans had very different housing styles. The Coastal lived in houses called longhouses. Longhouses were large permanent cedar log houses that were usually 40 to 100 feet long. There were no windows and very few doors (Lambert 105). On the other hand, the Plateau Natives lived in tepees. Since the Plateau Natives were nomadic, which means they did not stay in one place for long, they moved frequently. That required a form of shelter that was easy to put up and take down. A tepee is a cone shaped shelter made of several long poles covered by woven mats or animal hides. During the winter, the Plateau Native Americans would move into caves, or construct a pit house which is covered in animal skin, hides,...