THE COAL RESOURCE
A COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW OF COAL
THE COAL RESOURCE
WHERE DOES COAL COME FROM? WHAT IS IT USED FOR? IS IT USED ANYMORE?
Coal is one of the world’s most important sources of energy, fuelling almost 40% of electricity worldwide. In many countries this figure is much higher: Poland relies on coal for over 94% of its electricity; South Africa for 92%; China for 77%; and Australia for 76%. Coal has been the world’s fastest growing energy source in recent years – faster than gas, oil, nuclear, hydro and renewables. Coal has played this important role for centuries – not only providing electricity, but also an essential fuel for steel and cement production, and other industrial activities. The Coal Resource provides a comprehensive overview of coal and the role it plays in our lives. It covers how coal is formed, how it is mined, through to its use and the impact it has on our societies and natural environment. It describes coal’s important role as an energy source and how coal – along with other sources of energy – will be vital in meeting the world’s rapidly growing energy needs.
We hope that we will answer any questions you may have about the coal industry but if you would like further information, a number of other World Coal Institute (WCI) publications may be helpful. >> The Role of Coal as an Energy Source (2003) describes the role that coal plays in our world today and examines this role in the context of wider issues, such as increasing energy demand, energy security and environmental challenges. >> Clean Coal – Building a Future through Technology (2004) discusses how the environmental challenges facing coal – specifically the use of coal – can be overcome through the development and use of clean coal technologies. >> In 2001 the World Coal Institute published Sustainable Entrepreneurship, the Way Forward for the Coal Industry – in conjunction with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) – looking at... [continues]
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