Co-Benefits Analysis of Air Pollution and GHG Emissions for Hyderabad, India

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Co-Benefits Analysis of Air Pollution and GHG Emissions for Hyderabad, India

Integrated Environmental Strategies Program Washington DC, USA http://www.epa.gov/ies

Prepared by Dr. Sarath Guttikunda New Delhi, India

March 2008

Disclaimer
The analysis and views expressed in this report are entirely those of the authors. They do not necessarily reflect the views of the project sponsors United States Environmental Protection Agency, National Renewable Energy Laboratories, or the countries they represent. This report is prepared by Dr. Sarath Guttikunda, Consultant, India, (Email: sguttikunda@gmail.com) in consultation with the local and international partners. For details on the Integrated Environmental Strategies program please contact Ms. Katherine Sibold, Program Manager, USEPA (Email: sibold.katherine@epamail.epa.gov) or Ms. Monisha Shah, Program coordinator, NREL (Email: Monisha_Shah@nrel.gov) For details on the source apportionment program in Hyderabad, please contact Dr. K. V. Ramani, Joint Chief Environmental Scientist, Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board, India. Email: jces@pcb.ap.gov.in. For details on the emissions and co-benefits analysis, please contact Dr. Sarath Guttikunda, Consultant, India..

CONTENTS
Acknowledgements ............................................................................................................. 1 Abbreviations & Acronyms..................................................................................................2 1. Integrated Environmental Strategies Program ................................................................5 1.1 Phase 1 of IES Hyderabad, India ......................................................................................... 6 1.2 Phase 2 of IES Hyderabad, India ......................................................................................... 7 1.3 Scope of the Study .................................................................................................................. 9 2. Hyderabad Air Quality....................................................................................................11 2.1 Hyderabad, India: Background....................................................................... 11 2.2 Air Pollution Monitoring in Hyderabad........................................................... 12 3. Source Apportionment Study in Hyderabad.................................................................. 15 3.1 Sampling and Analytical Design ......................................................................................... 16 3.2 Monitoring Results ............................................................................................................... 19 3.3 CMB Receptor Modeling Results....................................................................................... 22 3.4 Lessons Learnt and Recommendations............................................................................. 26 4. Emissions Inventory Analysis for Hyderabad ............................................................... 29 4.1 Summary of Annual Emissions .......................................................................................... 30 4.2 Industrial Emissions ............................................................................................................. 32 4.3 Vehicular Emissions ............................................................................................................. 35 4.4 Vehicular Road Dust Emissions......................................................................................... 39 4.5 Garbage/Biomass Burning.................................................................................................. 40 4.6 Limitations to Emissions Estimation ................................................................................ 41 5. Air Pollution and Health Impacts Analysis ................................................................... 43 5.1 Air...
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