Cmfri - an Overview

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  • Topic: Aquaculture, Wild fisheries, Fishery
  • Pages : 9 (2218 words )
  • Download(s) : 26
  • Published : February 13, 2013
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Introduction
Indian fisheries sector plays an important role in socioeconomic development of the country. CMFRI introduces new species of fish to Indian aquaculture. In view of its potential contribution to national income, nutritional security, employment opportunities, social objectives, and export earnings. The fisheries sector has witnessed an impressive transformation from a traditional subsistence activity to a well developed diversified commercial enterprise with vast untapped potential. Profile of CMFRI

The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute established by the Government of India under the ministry of Agriculture in 1947 became a member of the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) family in 1967. The headquarters was shifted from Mandapam Camp to Cochin in 1971. Over the period, the Institute has grown significantly in its size, stature & research infrastructure. Now, it enjoys the status of a premier research organization comparable to any similar institution in the developed countries.

With the fast changing marine fisheries scenario and emergence of mariculture as a viable proposition for enhancing the production, the Institute over the years has tuned its mandate in consonance with the needs of the time.

The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), one of the eight national fisheries research institutes under ICAR, through its research and developmental activities in marine fisheries during the last five decades has been able to sustain the marine fish production through development and implantation of resource management strategies and policy advisories to the Govt. of India for fisheries governance. The Institute has been responsible for developing time series data base on marine fish production from the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the country, their biology, distribution, abundance, fishery forecast, potential yield, stock assessment and in formulating management measures for sustainable production. The Institute has successfully addressed issues of ecosystem health, biodiversity conservation and coastal pollution. The technologies developed for tissue culture, culture of finfishes, pearls, mussels, clams, crabs, lobsters, sea cucumber and seaweeds and other cultivable organisms in open seas have opened avenues for entrepreneurship development, increased production, employment generation, women empowerment, uplift of the fisher folk and growth of the fishing industry. The credit for earning substantial foreign exchange through large-scale shrimp farming in the country is fully owing to the adoption of the hatchery technologies for shrimps developed by the Institute. The coastal mariculture development through bivalve farming is the outcome of CMFRI technology dissemination. The HRD and out-reach extension programmes of the Institute have an enduring brand identity. The CMFRI, with the following mandate, has a vision to ensure equitability and sustainability of the resources. Mandate of the Institute

To monitor the exploited and assess the under-exploited of the marine fisheries resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). •To understand the fluctuations in abundance of marine fisheries resources in relation to change in the environment. •To develop suitable mariculture technologies for finfish, shellfish and other cultural organisms in open seas to supplement capture fishery production. •To act as a repository of information on marine fishery resources with a systematic database. •To conduct transfer of technology, post graduate and specialized training, education and extension education programmes. •To provide consultancy services.

Organizational set up
The Director is the Head of the Department (Institute). The Institute is having three Committees namely (1) Research Advisory Committee (RAC); (2) Institute Research Council (IRC); (3) Institute Management Committee (IMC) to guide the research and administration process through periodical meetings....
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