Cloud Computing Research Paper

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Cloud Computing:

Wishful Thinking or a Viable Alternative?

By

Paul Gillespie

Graduate student

University of Maryland, University College

IMAT 670

Abstract. The Internet is permeating all aspects of our lives. This includes business and organizational endeavors as well as our personal lives. Businesses have become to depend on the Internet for their supply chain, advertising, and sales. E-commerce has experienced a tremendous growth in the last decade. Organizations are looking for new ways to leverage the Internet for business growth. Web Services is a growing technology in the Information Systems field. Data Management is also an ever-increasing endeavor for many organizations. The need for information is increasing as we progress through the information age. Currently, many organizations have a static data architecture. They evaluate the greatest need for data that the organization might require, add a safety factor, and then purchase and develop a data infrastructure based on that evaluation. For an organization that has a fluctuation of their data needs, this architecture is inefficient. Cloud Computing is a concept that leverages the Internet to provide external data management and provides dynamic data storage for an organization, a more efficient forum for data management. This paper evaluates the effectiveness of cloud computing when used by an organization. It analyzes the benefits and drawbacks of this solution to see if it can be a viable alternative. A review of the uses and architecture is conducted, and the advantages and disadvantages of deployment are surveyed. Several products are also discussed.

The Internet is permeating all aspects of our lives. This includes business and organizational endeavors as well as our personal lives. Businesses have become to depend on the Internet for their supply chain, advertising, and sales. E-commerce has experienced a tremendous growth in the last decade. Organizations are looking for new ways to leverage the Internet for business growth. Web Services is a growing technology in the Information Systems field. Data Management is also an ever-increasing endeavor for many organizations. The need for information is increasing as we progress through the information age. Currently, many organizations have a static data architecture. They evaluate the greatest need for data that the organization might require, add a safety factor, and then purchase and develop a data infrastructure based on that evaluation. For an organization that has a fluctuation of their data needs, this architecture is inefficient. Cloud Computing is a concept that leverages the Internet to provide external data management and provides dynamic data storage for an organization, a more efficient forum for data management.

Introduction. "Cloud Computing offers virtually unlimited, on-demand computing resources (Moore and Hebler, 2009, p. 16)." Cloud computing can offer a variety of functions, from applications to data storage. IBM refers to cloud computing as "a term used to describe both a platform and a type of application (Boss, Malladi, Quan, Legregni, & Hall, 2007, p. 4)." Weinberg (2009, p. 2) claims that cloud computing "is less a new technology than it is a way of using technology to achieve economies of scale and offer self-service resources that are available on demand." The use of cloud computing to handle overflow requests is sometime referred to as cloudbursting. This technology enables an organization to handle and control infrastructure and applications while leveraging the cloud to expand and contract dynamically. Cloudbursting investigates two issues that many organizations entertain:

- an organization periodically needs the additional capacity but Return on Investment for this capacity is long because of the sporadic use of the additional capacity

- companies are hesitant to move all of their infrastructure to a cloud due to security...
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