Answer Shona culture
1.2 List the other person’s culture
Answer Xhosa culture
1.3 Distinguish according to Hofstede , any four differences between your culture and that other person’s culture and provide an example for each dimension? Answer. Individualism vs collectivism. The xhosa people have tightly knitted social frame networks, their primary concern is the entire group compared to a single person. Members depend strongly on extended family groups and group decisions are valued and accepted for example if a person does not have money or food they can depend on extended family to help them in their time of need. In the shona culture people are more individualistic. They have loose social networks and their primary concern is themselves and their families. People are responsible for making their own decisions. For example in Zimbabwe during the period when basic commodities were scarce people would fight to get basic things like sugar and fuel for themselves and their families thus excluding extended family. High power distance. In the shone culture there is high tolerance for unequal distribution of power. People with a lot of power view themselves as different from those with low power and vice versa. In the xhosa culture the is little tolerance of unequal distribution of power. They believe that unequal distribution of power should be minimised. For example in the shone culture people just assume that those with high powers have earned their power, thus making it acceptable in their society while the xhosa people’s view is that we are all the same so power should be distributed equally. Uncertainty avoidance. The shona people are more tolerant of ambiguity and uncertainty that means they have low uncertainty avoidance. The xhosa people have high uncertainty avoidance meaning they have low tolerance for ambiguity and uncertainty. The xhosa people want to be aware of something before it happens while the shone have the attitude of “whatever happens happens”. Feminity vs masculinity. The Xhosa people exercise feminity. They are more concerned about the welfare of other people and relationships are important while the shona people are more masculine that is possessions are important, achievement is admired and performance is what counts. 1.4 In your opinion why do you think being culturally unaware may have a negative consequence for organisations? Being culturally unaware would have negative consequences because if you are culturally unaware you don’t know how to treat different people in your organisation and this could result in people in the organisation feeling out of place, this lead to a demotivated employee and this will have a negative impact on their work in the form of lower production for example.
1. Using the Big Five personality model, how would you describe Sir Richard Benson’s personality? Give reasons for your answer from the casestudy. Answer: Sir Richard Benson is an extravert. An extravert is a person who is gregarious, assertive and sociable as opposed to being reserved, timid and quiet. Sir Richard Benson is not timid because he is someone who is able to speak his mind as stated in the case that he is someone who would poke fun at the big guys and he says exactly what he wants, also showing that he is not a quiet and reserved in character. He can be described as an agreeable person. This is a person who is cooperative, warm and agreeable rather than cold, disagreeable and antagonistic. This means that he tends to rate to others more leniently. A person who is cooperative is someone who is able to work with other people to achieve a goals , a person who works well with other people also puts into consideration the different needs that people he works with have. Sir Benson does this by giving other opportunities to develop their own ideas into business ventures he backs; this also makes him someone warm. Sir Richard Benson is a conscientious person...