Cloning: the Pros and the Cons

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The Pros and The Cons

Today, one of the largest debates in the scientific world is on the topic of cloning, genetic cloning, that is. As beneficial to our world as this may be, everything has its drawbacks. There are two types of cloning, reproductive and therapeutic. Reproductive cloning consists of reproducing a whole organism through a process called somatic cell nuclear transfer. This process works by taking the nucleus out of a donor egg and inserting a nucleus from a cell that has been obtained from the organism that is supposed to be cloned. This newly created cell begins to divide, using electrical impulses. It is then placed inside the body of the host organism and eventually divides enough to create a clone of the donor organism. However, therapeutic cloning entails different processes and outcomes. It involves the manipulation of the human embryo and the application of cloning technology, its benefits involved with bodily repair. Therapeutic cloning utilizes somatic cell nuclear transfer as well, but in this case, the nucleus from a somatic cell is fused with an unfertilized egg from which the nucleus has been removed. The applications of nuclear transfer technology concerned do not lead to the creation of an entire human. Instead, the cloning of embryos is done in order to produce identical cell lines, the removal of which destroys the embryo. The passage of an electric current across each cell should allow development as a specified somatic or body cell. But each of these types of cloning has their own pros and cons; it only has to be decided if the pros outweigh the cons, or if it is the other way around.

The cloning ethics debate will likely be a very long-lived one, for it can do so many good things for society, as well as vice versa. Many would argue that therapeutic cloning entails more pros than reproductive. To begin with, the creation and destruction of ‘spare’ embryos for cycles of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment has...
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