Title of Paper: "CLIO A MUSE: Clio Rediscovered"
Course: Western Civilization 101-051
Time of Class: 7:10 PM
Thomas E Buccine Jr.
April 26, 2015
Thomas E Buccine Jr.
April 26, 2015
Western Civilization 101-051
Dr. L. Hogan
CLIO A MUSE: Clio Rediscovered
1. What does George Macaulay Trevelyan mean when he says in paragraph #1 that "the vulgar have been excluded from the Court of the Gentiles?" Remember, his subject is historians, and their doing of history.
George Trevelyan, by referring to the Court of the Gentles, is talking about a group of people outside of the Inner Court which contains the Holy of Holies. It's a metaphor using the historic Jewish temple, in Jerusalem, Israel. This is the place where the God of Israel was worshipped. The Holy of Holies was small room centralized in the temple where the Spirit of God dwelt. Outside of that was the Inner Courts of the Jewish priests, women and men who were only allowed to enter. Outside of that was the Court of the Gentles for all those who were non-Jewish were allowed to enter.
"Clio was the daughter of Zeus, a goddess in her own right; she is considered a muse, or inspiration for history. In Greek Mythology there are nine Muses, and Clio, the history muse is number two. This ancient Goddess inspired those who wrote, spoke, and sang of history," (Musser). Emphasis Mine. Clio is the god of Trevelyan's Holy of Holies. She is the Goddess of History that presides over the courts of historians. The popular trends, of scientific historians, of the Victorian era, have taken their place within the prestigious Inner Courts, and the less popular literary historians, of the pre-Victorian era, had been banished to the outer Court of the Gentiles. George Trevelyan's uncle, "Thomas Macaulay, was a member of Parliament and was a literary historian. Also, he was educated in Trinity College, in Cambridge, England. He had been of the same Whig party Trevelyan now enjoys, and was skilled in the art of narrative. (Wikipedia). He was no doubt an inspiration to a young Trevelyan, who while a student at Trinity College, was instructed by Sir John Seeley.
Sir John Seeley was a scientific historian by Trevelyan's definition. "He was an honored person of high stature and intellect, but lacked the art of narrative. “ His interest on religious subjects and history led him to write a very controversial essay called, "Ecce Homo," which translated means, "Behold the Man." "It was published anonymously in 1866, and afterwards acknowledged by him, was widely read and prompted many replies, being deemed an attack on Christianity. Dealing only with Christ's humanity, it dwells on his work as the founder and king of a theocratic state, and points out the effect which this society, his church, has had upon the standard and active practice of morality among men," (Wikipedia-B)
John Seeley, while instructing George Trevelyan, insulted him by calling his uncle, Thomas Macaulay, among other literary historians, “a charlatan.” This probably bothered Trevelyan to the bone, and damaged his pride. We do not see any mention of rebuttal until "Clio Rediscovered," after the death of John Bagnell Bury, who wrote the essay, "The Science of History." "In 1893, John Bury, gained a chair in Modern History at Trinity College, which he held for nine years. In 1898 he was appointed Regius Professor of Greek, also at Trinity, a post he held simultaneously with his history professorship. In 1902 he became Regius Professor of Modern History at Cambridge University," (Britannica) Trevelyan regarded him as a scientific historian as well.
In the realm of historians Trevelyan mentions two inhabitants, the literary historian, and the scientific historian. The literary historians did history by reporting, in the manner of an English product of learning, with the art of narrative, and telling a warm...