Clinical Psychology: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

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  • Topic: Psychotherapy, Clinical psychology, Psychoanalysis
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  • Published : October 14, 2012
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PSYC 3083- Exam 1
Seth Kunen

1) There are 5 clinical psychology/history overview questions 2)  There are 4 questions involving specific theorists
3)  There are about 14 questions about ethics/principles - nothing to memorize; mostly have to know/understand the principle/ethic in question (e.g., sexual intimacies, gift giving, torture, boundaries) 4)  2 questions about In-treatment

5)  Probably 17 questions about issues in the practice of therapy and related concepts like therapeutic relationship, cultural sensitivity, transference, & cases I've presented in class and what the issues are in those cases. 6) Probably 8 questions about the DSM (know axes & meaning of GAF ) -------------------------------------------------

* Clinical Psychology: the application of psychological knowledge and tecniques to alleviate distress and promote health. - conducting and using scientific research
- assessment (interviews and testing)
- consultation
- application of various psychotherapeutic techniques

Lightner Witner: study of individuals by observation or experimentation with the intention of promoting change

Definition of Counseling
- to alleviate distress and maladjustment
- increase ability to function

Counseling Psychology is unique in its attention both to normal and abnormal human development

Psy.D // “Practitioner-Scholar Model”
// more clinical practice // less emphasis on research

Ph.D // “Scientist Practitioner Model”

Models of Therapeutic Intervention
Clinical psychologists use a variety of therapeutic techniques - Psychodynamic
- Cognitive
- Behavioral
- Humanistic
- Systems (e.g. family or couples therapy),
- Gestalt
- Existential
- Transpersonal
*
“eclectic” approach – combines two or more techniques or models

THE BIG THREE
Psychodynamic perspective
- developed out of the Psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freud.

Psychodynamic – see a patient once or twice a week
Psychoanalysis – see a patient four or five times a week, more in depth (expensive) Modern day psychodynamic approach focuses on conflict
+ how has the patient resolved the conflict? healthy/unhealthy (explore unconscious, what went on in childhood, free association, analysis of defenses and transferences). Defenses: anything that you do that helps you cope with anxiety. Not a conscious decision. Ex. Projection: project what’s in your unconscious on someone else Denial: (ex. cigarette smoking) doesn’t believe they’re affected Regression, Rationalization, Reaction Formation, Identification with Aggressor There is an Infinite Number: anything can be a defense mechanism if it serves the purpose of defense and is unconscious ex. heterosexual male – “serial adventurer”

defense mechanism – moves on from relationship to relationship to - reduce anxiety of homosexuality
- avoid getting to close, past abuse/abandonment

Transferences
Take some relationship from your past and impose it on someone else. Male client working with female therapist
has issues with mother, begins to treat therapist as mother

Counter Transferences
Transferences therapists have to patients
occur because of unresolved issues in your past
or you’re reacting to something the patient does that upsets/disturbs you whenever the therapist is acting in a non-neutral way to the patient therapist giving personal opinion from personal experience, should allow patient to reach his/her own conclusion. Guide patient towards his/her own decision. Friends can be biased, Therapist must be free to say what they truly believe about patient. Patients need to learn to solve problems on their own. Therapy should be a process in which the therapist teaches the patient how to learn and think so they can solve their own problems. Therapist: identify themes, transferences.

Suspend judgment

What is the meaning
“I would answer that question if I could figure out how would my answer help you?” Help them discover why they are asking the question // What...
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