Examination of Clinical Psychology
“Clinical psychology is defined by focusing on the assessment, treatment and understanding of psychological and behavioral problems and disorders” (Plante, 2011, p.5). Clinical psychology is not a specialty within psychology as much as it is an application of psychology that deals with emotional and behavioral problems (Plante, 2011). In order to understand clinical psychology, it is important to understand the history and evolving nature, the role of research and statistics, and the differences between clinical psychology and other mental health professionals including social work, psychiatry, and school psychology. History of Clinical Psychology
In 460-377 B.C., there were many people that influenced the early development of what would become to be known as clinical psychology. Hippocrates was one of the first to suggest that biological, psychological, and social factors contribute to the physical and emotional well being of individuals. After Hippocrates came up with the early perspectives that he had, Aristotle, Plato and Galen built upon them (Plante, 2011).
In the Middle Ages, (500-1450 A.D.) the relationship between health, illness, mind, and body became important again. In 1490-1541, a Swiss physician name Paracelsus developed treatments that were important in the biological foundations of mental illness. Then Juan Luis Vives (1492-1540) and Johann Weyer (1515-1588) a;sp began to bring attention to mental illness as being more about behavior and they too started believing treatment was right for the mentally ill (Plante, 2011).
During the Renaissance Era, Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682-1771) discovered during an autopsy that a diseased organ could cause illness and/or death. This lead to many other discoveries, such as the discovery in the nineteenth century by Louis Pasteur where he found that diseases and illnesses could cause problems with the cells in the body. A psychological approach to...
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