The word is divided into 6 climate zones. These zones depend on several factors. The first is temperature; if a country lies near the equator it tends to be hot; but if it’s near the poles it tends to be colder. A country can also have a cold climate if it’s very mountainous with most of its land sitting well above sea level. Wind direction can also influence climate. If winds are being blow from a hot area they will raise temperatures, the opposite is also true. If winds have been blown from cold areas, they will lower temperatures. Closeness to the sea is also important in deciding a country climate. That’s because the sea cannot warm up or cool down as much as land. So coastal areas don´t really experience extremes in temperature, but areas and countries well away from the influences of the sea can get very hot and very cold. Not every part of the world has the same seasons either. We have four seasons; summer, winter, fall and spring. However, some countries only have two seasons. A wet season and a dry season, whilst countries on the equator can have the same temperature and weather all the yearlong. There are 6 different climate zones. These are temperate, where winters are cold and summers are mild; polar where its very cold and dry and all year long; arid, here its stays dry and hot; tropical, where it stays hot and wet all of the year; Mediterranean, where the winters are mild and the summers hot and dry; mountainous, where it stays very cold throughout the year.
Temperate climates don't have extremes of temperature or rainfall; it’s neither too warm or too cold, too wet or too dry. Temperate climate can be quite changeable, one day it could be raining, the next that may be sunny it is also very difficult to forecast.
Polar climates stay very cold throughout the year. They include the tundra and ice cap climates, where temperatures stay below freezing all of the time.
Arid climates are normally...