CURRENT NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT STRUCTURES OF PAKISTAN” By: Hira Habib
AERC (Morn. 2010-11)
Submitted to Ms. Samina Khalil (Environmental Economics course instructor) 24th Jan., 2012
THE WORLD REALIZED; CLIMATE CHANGE IS REAL
Climate change is not a crisis of developing countries' making, yet the Impacts of global warming will disproportionately hit the world's poorest people.
In 1997, the majority of the world's nations embarked on the international climate change mitigation regime. It was realized that environmental problems are worse than it was realized. Lately, talks about new climate change deal received lot more media coverage than it used to have. If we accept the fact that climate change is indeed the biggest environmental problem of these all, the problem that could do significant damage to our planet and make life extremely difficult for our future generations then this should be really the highest interest of them all. If Earth is still our only home, and it still definitely is, then we should do everything that is in our capacity to ensure this home would be kind to our future generations as it has been kind to us. This potential new climate change deal gives world leaders unique opportunity to show that world can be united when global issues are the main and common subject; it has ability to show that countries can overcome the difference in their opinions and interests when something should be done on global level. Climate change issue is far too important issue to let petty interests move us away from new climate deal. The only thing that matters today is to acknowledge climate change problem, and do everything that is in our capacity to not to make it worse. Only very recently has the world realized that climate change and its impacts are a result of anthropocentric activities that make voracious use of our earth's natural resources and now our scientists are in the field every day, exploring environmental threats. Major global consensus of the Kyoto protocol and the formation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), were critical steps in mainstreaming the issue of climate change. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC): In 1992, countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, to cooperatively consider what they could do to limit average global temperature increases and the resulting climate change, and to cope with whatever impacts were, by then, inevitable. By 1995, countries realized that emission reductions provisions in the Convention were inadequate. They launched negotiations to strengthen the global response to climate change, and, two years later, adopted the Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol legally binds developed countries to emission reduction targets. The Protocol’s first commitment period started in 2008 and ends in 2012. Kyoto protocol:
The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The major feature of the Kyoto Protocol is that it sets binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and the European community for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005. The detailed rules for the implementation of the Protocol were adopted at COP 7 in Marrakesh in 2001, and are called the “Marrakesh Accords.” The Kyoto Protocol is generally seen as an important first step towards a truly global emission reduction regime that will stabilize GHG emissions, and provides the essential architecture for any future international agreement on climate change. The major distinction between the Protocol and the Convention is that while the Convention encouraged industrialized countries to stabilize GHG emissions, the Protocol commits them to do so. Recognizing that developed...