Climate Change and Development

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Climate Change and Development

CLIMATE CHANGE: INDIA’S PERCEPTIONS, POSITIONS, POLICIES AND POSSIBILITIES Jyoti K. Parikh and Kirit Parikh (*) Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research

(*)

Senior Professor and Professor Emeritus respectively.

The ideas expressed in these case studies are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent views of the OECD or its Member countries

Climate Change: India’s Perceptions, Positions Policies and Possibilities

FOREWORD

In January 2001, the OECD held an expert seminar as part of a pilot project to investigate interactions between the long term agenda for climate change and sustainable development strategies. Experts from both OECD and developing countries attended. Participants identified issues and approaches, based on their regional perspectives, relevant to an evolving, equitable regime for addressing climate change, given various national circumstances, political interests, institutions and capacities to achieve sustainable development objectives. They stressed the importance of both climate mitigation and adaptation policy within a sustainable development framework. Discussions and presentations centred around two broad themes: • • Synergies and trade-offs between sustainable development objectives and long-term strategies to limit climate change. How to build analytical and implementation capacity in developing countries to maximise synergies at local, regional and global levels of decision-making.

To support seminar discussions, the OECD commissioned several papers (including this one) from nonOECD country experts; authors were asked to comment on key interactions between climate change and sustainable development from their own regional or national perspectives. This paper is being released as an informal working paper in the hope that it will continue to stimulate interest and discussions on these topics in other fora. The paper expresses the opinions of the author(s), and does not necessarily represent the views of either the OECD or its Member countries. Comments on the paper may be provided directly to the author(s): jp@igidr.ac.in Further inquiries about ongoing work in the OECD on climate change and sustainable development may be directed to: Georg Caspary of the OECD Development Co-operation Directorate: georg.caspary@oecd.org or to: Shardul Agrawala of the OECD Environment Directorate: shardul.agrawala@oecd.org The authors are grateful to Jan Corfee-Morlot for inviting us to contribute. Jan Corfee-Morlot, Noreen Beg and Georg Caspary of the OECD Secretariat have raised a number of questions and provided comments that have helped us to improve the paper. This paper extends and builds on an earlier version which was partly supported by UNDP.

©OECD 2002

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Climate Change: India’s Perceptions, Positions Policies and Possibilities

TABLE OF CONTENTS

FOREWORD ................................................................................................................................................2 I. INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................................5 2. CLIMATE CHANGE: PERCEPTIONS.................................................................................................. 5 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Unsustainable Consumption Patterns .............................................................................................5 Methane Emissions and Subsistence Emissions.............................................................................5 Why should India be Concerned about Climate Change? ..............................................................5 Risk of Lower Agricultural Production ..........................................................................................6 Risk of Sea Level...
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