The article overleaf was part of a booklet which came with a newspaper, and provided readers with information about key scientific issues facing the world today.
The passage is headed ‘Climate Change: The Facts’, and focuses on global warming as the main cause of this.
Understanding the text
First of all it is important to understand what the purpose of the text is and who it is written for. The writer, Kate Ravilious, intends to inform the reader about the facts of global warming and to explain what global warming is, what it may cause and how badly the Earth may be affected.
The audience for this is the newspaper reader or anyone who is interested enough in the topic to read about it, but who may not know much about science. In short, then, she has to present the subject in a scientifi c way (clear, logical and based on fact) but also in a way which will ensure any reader can understand it. This is a challenging task and, in order to make it clearer, the article has a section of diagrams and charts which illustrate the ideas.
Plot + Pharagraph by Pharagraph
In 'Climate Change: The facts', it is apparent that the author manages to raise awareness of the scale of the problem as well as setting a limit to the level of pessimism
The author started his piece of writing by the introduction, "Twenty years ago global warming was a fringe subject...To day global warming has become a political hot potato..." . It can be seen that this is an example of metaphore. It compares the awareness of people at the same time.
This creates a powerful effect where the author stated that "There is little doubt that humanity is responsible for the rapid rise in carbon dioxide levels...", It delivers a message of blame and responsibility to the reader for not taking notice and act on the problem during the time had. Notice how the author compares the scale of the same problem at different times by using figures of speech to...