Climate and Topography Analysis

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Climate and Topography Analysis
Gerardo “Gerry” Camacho
University of Phoenix
November 2, 2009

Climate and topography are two very important factors that may influence industries profitability and productivity. Is important for business leaders to recognize how climate and topography factors impacts different industries. Recognizing climate and topography could be of assistance for businesses venturing into the global business environment arena. Climate and topography are factors of huge importance when determining location and strategic planning. One of the industries most affected by climate and topography is the transportation industry. The transportation industry is vital to any economy. The transportation industry takes care of moving people and merchandize by land, sea, and air. One may say this industry is the veins and arteries of the economy. Topography has a direct impact on this important industry. The relationship between the location of roads, seaports, airports, and populated areas are crucial. Construction of new roads and bridges must take into consideration soils studies and topographic charts. The construction and location of airports needs to consider noise abatements areas and topographic configurations that may present obstacles to landing and departing aircraft. Airports also are extremely dependent on climate considerations. “Apart from their primary functions such as handling passengers, freight and aircraft, airports nowadays play a strategic role in regional development and are key facilities for the competitiveness of any territory. Airports are engines for economic activity, create direct and indirect employment and may act as innovative centers for new (environmental) technologies within a region. Moreover, modern airports function as intermodal transport nodes and incorporate hotels, shopping facilities, office space, conference rooms and leisure facilities. As such, they are recognized as clusters from a general spatial perspective and “airport cities” in specific if they show the qualitative features of a city: density, access, quality, environment, services (Güller & Güller, 2003).” Weather and climate considerations must be taken into consideration. The consequences of building and airport on a location where weather is detrimental and hard to predict could be devastating and considered by some to be a safety concern. Another industry that depends greatly on topography and climate is the oil industry and in particular the oil refinery industry. The oil refinery industry uses industrial procedures to process crude oil and to refine it into more useful petroleum products, like gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas. Based solely on the definition of oil refinery, topography is essential to this industry. Oil refineries are usually on topographic locations that offer safety to near populations. The site has to be reasonably far from residential areas, the facilities for raw materials access and products delivery to the refinery consumers should be easily available, the processing energy requirements should be easily available, and waste product disposal should not cause many difficulties. The climate presents challenges as well. According to Brian Merchant “The oil industry has a warning for all of us: "U.S. refining production may drop by a quarter by 2030 if the climate-change legislation approved by the House becomes law, the American Petroleum Institute said. This, from a report today in Bloomberg that reveals that the climate bill will do exactly what it's supposed to do. Bloomberg says that the oil industry group American Petroleum Institute (the same folks behind the Energy Citizen rallies) commissioned a study on the impacts of the climate bill on stateside oil refining, and the report found that it will cut into both oil refining, and investment in oil refining. Oil refining will drop 25% by 2030, and...
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