“We all know tropical rainforest are the world’s biologically richest ecosystems and are rapidly dissapearing” (Laurance 2009). Trees are an ecosystem and it’s one of the most important thing to all living things in this earth. The main function of tree is to produce oxygen and filtering carbon dioxide, trees are also the habitats and shelters to million species of animal and organisms. Nowdays, alot of tree have been cut down to improve the standard of living and there are so many effects can be enumerated as result of the activity. Deforestation is process of converting forest into non-forest sites, it occur due to developing country such as urbanization and to grow crops. Although, it can bring benefit to people and country but the negative impact can give serious effect to the surroundings, as it will causes extinction of animals, global warming and flooding.
Factor of forest are been cleared is for urbanization. In addition, it can help to increase the popullation growth and improve in living areas. Urbanization also provide good infrastructure, medicine facilities, factories and education opportunities to people. It’s more easy for people to achieve their goal with more facilities. Large scale of urbanization can help in developing country and increases in economic growth. Urbanization also decreases the rate of unemployment, this is because,by urbanization, alot of job opportunity are provided. According to Whealtey (2010), urbanization can help to increase the opportunity rate of new jobs around 70 percent in the next 20 years.
Furthermore, forest are also cut down in order to grow crops. All the product such as dairy products, fruits and vegetables can be supplied to other country’s and for marketing. 3.5 million ha. of forest in Malaysia has been used for rubber and oil palm plantation, for a worldwide among 1.2 to 5.5 million ha. of forest are cleared a year to grow and cure tobacco (Remington 1990).
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