History of Kyrgyzstan
Clavijo's Embassy to Tamerlane
Clavijos’ Embassy to Tamerlane is a description of Timur’s empire. Timur’s power was increasing as well as the territories he occupied. Clavijo was travelling at the beginning of XV century at the request of King Henry II of Castile and Leon to make good relationships between the empires and, probably, to find out if the gossips about his might are justified. Travelling across main cities of the empire, Clavijo was able to explore the lands and provide future generations the most detailed description of customs, traditions, architecture and the level of civilization at the time. According to the source the most developed cities were Samarkand and Bukhara. When Timur conquered any country, the most skilled people had to move to Samarqand. Also Samarqand was very diverse in population because of high developed trade relationships. People of many religions and nationalities could be met there: Greek, Arabs, Armenians; Catholics, Jacobites, Nestonians. There were two Iron Gates in the empire: one close to Spain and the other between India and Samarkand – which were the only routes of coming into and out of the empire. Those who passed the Gates into the Empire had to pay taxes. As a result, the economy of the country flourished. During Clavijo’s travelling, there was a Mosque being built as a burial place in Kesh for Timur’s father and his eldest son Prince Jahangir. Another one, Gur Emir in Samarkand was built for his grandson Prince Muhammad Sultan who died in the battle. The buildings were very beautifully ornamented with blue and gold. They have been reconstructed and made higher on behalf of Timur. Timur sacrificed 20 sheep in memory of his dead family members and distributed in alms. Timur had a firm character and was an intelligent person. He developed Kesh city though he himself was a nomad just like his father. He appreciated art and sciences. Nevertheless, if he did not like anything, it had to be...
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