A clavicle fracture is also known as a broken collarbone. The collarbone is located between the ribcage (sternum) and the shoulder blade (scapula); this connects the arm to the body. (Orthoinfo) The clavicle is a long bon and most breaks occur in the middle. On very rare occasions, it will break where it attaches at the ribcage of shoulder blade. (Orthoinfo) Although it lies above several important nerves and blood vessels, injuries are rare to these nerves and blood vessels even if during the break the ends of the bone shift. (Orthoinfo) A collarbone fracture can occur in people of all ages. Most of these fractures occur in men younger than the age of 25, it’s not as common in women at all. (Pecci) When it comes to clavicle fractures in children the odds are much different. Younger children have a high risk of this fracture because their bones have not completely hardened yet and are still growing, causing the increase in susceptibility. (Atanda) Usually this fracture takes place in a contact sport such as football, wrestling, rugby, lacrosse, and hockey. (Atanda) But, there is a few non-contact sports where this injury can also occur; such as, biking, skiing, snowboarding, and skateboarding. (Atanda)
Although you can’t control whether you have a direct collision with someone there are safety precautions you can take. If your sport has optional or required protective gear, use it at all times. (Atanda) Learning the proper techniques of your sport can benefit you if it comes to a situation where you need to get out of the scene quickly to save yourself. (Atanda) Maintaining strong bones by eating a well-balanced diet will decrease the possibility of a fracture if you are hit. (Atanda) Participating in strength training and stretching will help build more flexible muscles to that during a collision your body has room to twist and turn. (Atanda) Proper and supportive footwear that best fits your foot and sport is one of the biggest things you can do to prevent any injury. (Atanda) By wearing proper and supportive foot wear, it can allow you to sufficiently get out of a situation where this injury could occur by being able to make good plants with your feet to get you moving. (Atanda)
Usually, the main cause of a clavicle fracture is by a direct blow to the shoulder, it can also happen during a fall of a car collision. (Orthoinfo) On very rare occasions, it can occur in babies while passing trough the birth canal. (Orthoinfo) A clavicle fracture has a numerous amount of symptoms, usually associated with pain and the immobility of the arm on the side of the break. Once the collision has occurred and you have a fracture, you should notice having a sagging shoulder. (Orthoinfo) Normally it will sag downward and forwards. (Orthoinfo) You will notice a grinding sensation on attempts to raise or move your arm. (Orthoinfo) If you run your fingers across the break, you can feel a deformity or “bump.” Vary rarely; a fragment of the collarbone will break through the skin, causing the skin to form a “tent” formation. This fracture is also associated with bruising, swelling, and tenderness over the collarbone. (Orthoinfo)
If you experience a clavicle fracture, it is in your best interest to be taken to an emergency room immediately. After arriving, the Doctor will begin to ask you question about the injury and how it happened. (Orthoinfo) Next, he does a physical exam your vital signs, your shoulder, neck and spine. (Orthoinfo) Normally the Doctor will know right away where the initial break is because the “bump” is located right on top of where the fracture is. (Orthoinfo) X-rays of the entire shoulder are used to pinpoint the exact location and severity of the break, the x-ray also can tell the Doctor if there are any additional injuries. (Orthoinfo) If it is discovered that other bones are broken, you will most likely get a computed tomography scan, also known as a CT scan or a CAT scan. (Orthoinfo) A computed...
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