Classification of Literature

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Classification of Literature

By | November 2012
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CLASSIFICATIONs OF LITERATURE

I. Divisions of Literature

Literature
Prose
Poetry
Fiction
Nonfiction
Dramatic
Narrative
Lyric
Drama
Short Story
Novel
Tale
Fable
Myth
Legends
Folktales
Essay
Biography
Autobiography
Diary
History
Chronicle
News
Anecdote
Tragedy
Comedy
Opera
Operetta
Ballad
Epic
Metrical Tale
Metrical Romance
Ode
Sonnet
Song
Elegy

POINT OF COMPARISON| PROSE| POETRY|
Form| Paragraph| Verse|
Language| Words and rhythms of ordinary and everyday language| Metrical, rhythmical, figurative language| Appeal| Intellect| Emotions|
Aim| Convince, Inform, Instruct| Stirs the readers imagination, present an ideal of how life should be and how life can be|

A. Prose –is an ordinary form of written or spoken language without rhyme or meter, either fiction or nonfiction.Prose is writing that resembles everyday speech. The word prose is derived from the Latin word, “prosa” which literally means straightforward. Prose is adopted for the discussion of facts and topical reading and does not adhere to any particular formal structures other than simple grammar.

* Fiction –isthe form of any narrative or informative work that deals, in part or in whole, with information or events that are not factual, but rather, imaginary—that is, invented by the author. 

1. Drama –is the stage presentation of an action or story. It is a story in either verse or prose to be presented on stage. -a term generally applied to a type of literature that seeks to present actual life in brief intense form visibly in front of an audience. -a dialogue written for interpretation by several characters with directions from the author telling what the characters do and with directions giving the background or locale of the action. Playwrights–aredrama writers.

Types of Drama:
a. Comedy –is shown if man is victorious in the struggle of forces (not necessarily funny). b. Tragedy –is shown if man is...

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