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Classification of Industries

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Classification of Industries

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CLASSIFICATION OF INDUSTRIES

• INTRODUCTION

A leading, industrially advanced developing country, India has large, medium and small industrial units of production in almost all branches of the industry. Since the time of the independence in 1947, a significant feature of the Indian economy has been the rapid growth of the small industry sector. The small industry sector is considered to have a major role in the Indian economy due to its 40 percent share in the national industrial output along with an 80 percent share in industrial employment and nearly 35 percent share in exports. The small scale industries sector has been assigned an important role in the industrialization of the country by the previous and current governments of India.

There are no clear official definitions of small scale industry. Small scale industries are usually distinguished from the large-scale and medium-scale industries on the basis of size, capital resources and labor force in the units. At one time the government of India had grouped small-scale industrial undertakings into two categories - those using power but employing less than 50 persons and those not using power and employing less than 100 persons. However, capital investment on plant and machinery by units is considered as main criteria for distinguishing between the large and small industries. An industrial unit can be classified as a small-scale unit only if it meets the capital investment limits set by the government of India (GoI)

• CLASSIFICATION OF INDUSTRIES BASED ON

➢ USE based

➢ Process on product

➢ Capital investment

➢ Input

➢ Ownership

➢ Pollution control board of India

• Use Based Classification

• Basic industries
• Capital Goods industries
• Intermediate Goods industries
• Consumer Goods industries

➢ BASIC INDUSTRIES:

Basic industries are those industries which provide...