Classification of Drugs

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  • Topic: Hypertension, Beta blocker, Angiotensin II receptor antagonist
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PHARMACOTHERAPY
DEFINITION
USE OF DRUGS IN THE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF DISEASES. Treating disease through the administration of drugs.
CLASSIFICATION OF DRUGS
1. based on how they are
dispensed
2. based on where they are
derived
CLASSIFICATION OF DRUGS
3. based on their name
a. chemical name
b. generic name
c. brand name
CLASSIFICATION OF DRUGS
4. based on dosage forms
5. based on routes of administration
6. based on site of action
7. based on uses
CLASSIFICATION BASED ON THERAPEUTIC USES
ANTACIDS – agents that neutralize acids in the gastric content ex. Aluminum hydroxide/ magnesium
hydroxide/ simethicone – KREMIL-S
Auminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide- MAALOX 
ANTI-ULCERANTS – drugs that are used in the treatment of ulcers
1. H2 blocker- Ranitidine( ZANTAC)
Cimitidine ( TAGAMET)
Famotidine ( H2bloc)
Nizatidine (AXID)
2. Proton pump inhibitor
Omeprazole(LOSEC)
Pantoprazole ( PANTOLOC)
Lanzoprazole ( LANZOHEX)

ANTISPASMODIC – drugs in the treatment of abdominal cramps
1. Dicycloverine (BENTYL, RELESTAL)
2. Hyoscine-n-butylbromide(BUSCOPAN)
ANTIFLATULENT – drug used in preventing and treating excessive gas in the gastrointestinal tract. ex. Simethicone - SIMECO
ANTI-DIARRHEAL – agents in the treatment of LBM
Loperamide – DIATABS,
IMODIUM,LORMIDE
Attapulgite – POLYMAGMA
LAXATIVES- drugs that promote defecation
Lactulose – DUPHALAC
Bisacodyl – DULCOLAX
Senna concentrate- SENOKOT
Mineral oil
HEPATIC PROTECTORS- drugs that counteract the effect of other agents to the liver
Silymarin – LIVERAIDE
Phospholipid and mineralsESSENTIALE
HEMORRHOIDAL PREPARATIONS - useful in the treatment of symptoms associated with hemorrhoids
Diosmin / hesperidine – DAFLON
Tribenoside – PROCTOGLYVENOL
HydroxyethylrOtoside- VAREMOID

ANTI ARRHYTHMIC DRUGS- drugs that are useful in the correction of cardiac arrhythmia
Amiodarone – CORDARONE
Dipyridamole - PERSANTIN
ANTI-ANGINAL – useful in patients with
chest pain that is cardiac in origin and patients who had heart attack
Isosorbide mononitrate – IMDUR
Nitroglycerin – NITROL PATCH
Isosorbide dinitrate - ISORDIL
ANTIHYPERTENSIVE – agents intended to lower one’s elevated blood pressure
1. Centrally acting antihypertensive
Clonidine – CATAPRES
Methyldopa – ALDOMET
2. Diuretics
Furosemide- LASIX
Spirinolactone - ALDACTONE

3. BETA-BLOCKERS
Metoprolol – NEOBLOC
Atenolol – TENORMIN
Propranolol – DURANOL
4. CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS
Nifedipine – ADALAT, CALCIBLOC
Amlodipine – NORVASC
Felodipine – PLENDIL ER
5. ACE INHIBITOR
Captopril – CAPOTEN
Perindopril – COVERSYL
Enalapril -RENITEC
6. ANGIOTENSIN 11 ANTAGONIST
Losartan – COZAAR
Valsartan - DIOVAN
ANTIMIGRAINE PREPARATION
Ergotamine tartrate – AVAMIGRAN
Sumatriptan – IMIGRAN
ANTITHROMBOTIC – agents that will prevent blood coagulation
Acetylsalicylic acid- ASPIRIN
Enoxaparin - CLEXANE
ANTIASTHMATIC
Salbutamol – VENTOLIN
Theophylline – ASMASOLON
Terbutaline – BRICANYL
COUGH REMEDIES
Ambroxol – AMBROLEX
Carbocisteine – LOVISCOL
Guiafenesin - ROBITUSSIN
DECONGESTANT- for stuffy nose
Phenylpropanolamine – DECOLGEN, SINUTAB, BIOFLU
Phenylephrine - NEOZEP
ANALGESIC – for pain relief
Mefenamic acid – PONSTAN, GARDAN
Ibuprofen – ALAXAN
Naproxen – FLANAX FORTE

ANTIPYRETIC- used to lower fever
Paracetamol– BIOGESIC, CALPOL,TEMPRA
ANTIVERTIGO – used to treat dizziness
Meclizine HCl- BONAMINE
Beta –histine – SERC
Cinnarizine - STUGERON

SEDATIVES – used to treat insomnia
Melatonin- SLEEPASIL
Zolpidem- STILNOX
Doxylamine – UNISOM
ANTIEMETIC-used to treat nausea/vomiting
Metoclopramide – PLASIL...
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