Classical Societies

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Classical Societies

Classical Societies

In what is now known as the Classical Societies, art has evolved and taken many forms. It can be seen in sculpture, paintings, architecture, music, and other venues. The different classical societies consist of Classical Greece, Hellenistic Greece, Etruscan Society, The Roman Republic, and The Roman Empire. Each of these societies can be identified by the different style of art that encompasses them. In Classical Greek society, art was greatly classified in the sculptures that were produced. Made from many different materials such as stone, marble, limestone, and even clay, though few made of clay have survived. These sculptures were crafted to showcase the more aesthetic values of the human body. Suppression of the emotions was believed to be noble characteristics of all civilized men (University Press, 2008). The transposing of their beliefs into the sculpture’s that were crafted during that time shows a direct relationship to the intellectual evolution of the Classical Greek era. The Diadoumenos statue by Polykleitos shows these characteristics, as the form is free and in a more natural position, yet the face expressionless. The influence of the culture and the rapidly advancing intellectuality of Greece are apparent in the sculptures produced during that time, as well as the sculpture influencing the culture by idolizing the natural human form. Hellenistic Greece was much different than Classical Greece, as can be seen in the art and sculpture. Whereas Classical Greek sculpture had beauty in the form, they were expressionless. Hellenistic Greek sculpture was much more dramatic. Expressions were sculpted into the faces of the subjects. The form of the sculpture was made to express the emotion or action that was intended to be expressed. Sleeping Satyr is a wonderful example of this idea. He is in a relaxed pose, as if he is ready to sleep, his face showing his fatigue. This would not be seen in...
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