Classical Management Theory

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Assignment
 1:
 Essay
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  4
 April
 2012
  Question
 1
 -­‐
 Classical
 Management
 Theory
 and
 Leadership
 Communication
 
 
 
 

Communication
 is
 a
 channel
 that
 we
 use
 everyday
 to
 convey
 ideas,
 thoughts
 and
 exchange
 information.
  Communication
 consists
 three
 elements:
 sender,
 receiver
 and
 message.
 Stephen
 Robbins
 (2003)
  defines
 communication
 as
 the
 transference
 and
 understanding
 of
 meaning.
 Communication
 requires
 the
  sender
 and
 receiver
 sharing
 common
 language
 to
 enable
 the
 information
 transferred
 to
 receiver
 and
  receiver
 is
 able
 to
 understand
 the
 meaning
 of
 the
 message.
 In
 an
 organization,
 it
 is
 important
 to
 have
  effective
 communication
 which
 not
 only
 helps
 to
 create
 mutual
 understanding
 between
 manager
 and
  staff
 at
 work
 but
 also
 better
 team
 work.
 That
 is,
 it
 is
 essential
 to
 have
 interactive
 communication
  between
 them.
 However,
 in
 classical
 management
 theory,
 it
 is
 pointed
 out
 that
 communication
 is
 a
  one-­‐way
 downward
 information
 flow
 from
 superintendents
 to
 subordinates
 in
 organizations.
  Superintendents
 make
 decisions
 and
 pass
 the
 decision
 results
 to
 subordinates.
 Subordinates
 have
 to
  obey
 orders
 and
 are
 not
 allowed
 to
 ask
 for
 re-­‐decision.
 Does
 one-­‐way
 downward
 communication
 make
  better
 leadership
 communication
 in
 an
 organization?
 This
 essay
 will
 explore
 three
 classical
 management
  theories:
 scientific
 management
 (Frederick
 Taylor),
 administrative
 management
 (Henri
 Fayol)
 and
  bureaucratic
 management
 (Max
 Weber).
 And
 respectively
 what
 is
 good
 leadership
 communication
 and
  how
 to
 develop
 it
 would
 be
 further
 discussed.
 Firstly,
 analyzing
 what
 communication
 skill
 should
 be
  needed
 within
 different
 communication
 scopes.
 Specifically,
 persuasion
 and
 emotional
 quotient
 are
  developed
 for
 a
 leadership
 to
 forward
 communication
 effectively.
 Finally,
 different
 organizational
  cultures
 contribute
 to
 different
 communication
 methods
 to
 analyze
 theirs
 strengths
 and
 weaknesses
 of
  the
 methods.
  Classical
 management
 theory
 is
 the
 oldest
 formal
 management
 theory.
 There
 are
 three
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