Classical India vs. China
Classical India and China were two civilizations truly known for their contributions to modern day India and China. Yet as the two civilizations developed they showed their own uniqueness. Overall, when looking at the belief systems and political structures of Classical India and China, they strongly resembled each other in alternating between periods of centralization and decentralization yet they diverged in China not having a priestly class, while India did and their belief of ideology and polytheistic religions. Classical India and China relate to each other in a way of alternating between periods of centralization and decentralization. Both societies had periods where they were once centralized and decentralized. India was decentralized throughout part of the classical period. But in 300 BCE Chandragupta Marya took power after Alexander the Great conquerored India and left it with no ruler. After Marya took power he centralized the area around the Indus River Valley, however not all of Indi was centralized around the Indus River Valley. Similar to India, China was centralized by China’s first emperor (Qin Shihuandi) throughout almost the entire classical period. But at the end of the classical period they became decentralized because of the fall of the Han Dynasty. The reason for the fall of the Han Dynasty was because of a gap between the rich and the poor, which led to the loss of the mandate. On the other hand, Classical India and China differed from one another in their belief systems. The Classical Chinese ideology of Confucianism came from Kong Fuzi (a failed politician), known as Confusicious. Fuzi believed that the key to life is human relationships. He believed that if you engage in proper human relationships, social and political harmony will come about. Fuzi also set out these sayings that said Ren is kindness to humanity, Li is appropriateness, and Xiao is high regards to family (especially the elderly). Classical...
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