Classical Conditioning

Topics: Classical conditioning, Behaviorism, Operant conditioning Pages: 4 (1141 words) Published: March 4, 2013
What is classical conditioning?
Classical Conditioning is defined as the basic learning process that involves repeatedly pairing a natural stimulus with a response-producing stimulus until the natural stimulus elicits the same response. Ivan Pavlov founded the process of classical conditioning in 1904, when he observed the behavior of his dog once he placed food on the dogs tongue. Classical Conditioning five basis principles which make up this process those of which are the neutral stimulus, unconditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, conditioned stimulus and conditioned response.

The neutral stimulus (NS) is defined as the stimulus which initially produces no specific response other than focusing attention. An example of a neutral stimulus would be some sort of a sound such as a bell. The unconditioned stimulus (UCS) is the natural stimulus that reflexively elicits a response without the need for prior learning. A good example of an unconditioned stimulus is thus as food, cologne or perfume. The unconditioned response (UCR) is the unlearned, reflexive response that elicited by the unconditioned stimulus, an unconditioned response is similar to your feelings or reaction. A conditioned stimulus (CS) on the other hand the stimulus that is originally neutral but comes to elicit a reflexive response. Lastly the conditioned response (CR) which is the learned reflexive response to a previously neutral stimulus.

However, there are two other manipulating factors within the classical conditioning process stimulus generalization and stimulus discrimination. Stimulus Generalization is the occurrence of a learned response not only to the original stimulus but to another, similar stimulus as well. A perfect example of stimulus generalization is when a child is able to respond to bright colored objects like fruits and dark colored objects such as vegetables s and they receive to pick from either or as a snack for answering correctly. As for stimulus discrimination...
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