Classical China and Classical India

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Classical China and Classical India

Classical China and Classical India are one of the most unique early civilizations during the Classical Period. They are known for their contributions to its modern world. China and India are similar and different in many ways. Both China and India had many similarities and differences in politics, economics, and religion.

The Qin and Han dynasties of Classical China developed a kind of government called bureaucracy. The Qin stressed central authority, while the Hans expanded the powers of bureaucracy. In addition, Legalism was developed. India’s political features involved regionalism and diversity in political forms, unlike China’s bureaucracy. It is the reason why the Guptas did not require a single language for all their subjects. India did not create an extensive bureaucracy and instead allowed local rulers that they had defeated to maintain regional control as they deferred to Gupta dominance. Indian religion generally did not stress the importance of politics, but for the preeminence of priests as sources of authority, while the Han rulers of China played a major role in promoting Confucian philosophy as a statement of Chinese values and in encouraging the worship of Confucius himself. India had a caste system that separated different social class into different castes. The caste system and religious encouragement to the faithful performance of caste duties did for Indian life what more conventional government structures did in many other cultures, in promoting public order and providing a network of rules by which people could regulate their lives and activities. China and India both had a tax system.

Even though politics and culture was ultimately important in China and India, economy also had an impact on both the empire’s history. There were three main social groups in China. The landowning aristocracy plus the educated bureaucrats, or mandarins, made the top of the group. Second were the...
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