Class Conflict in the Diamond Necklace

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In "The Diamond Necklace," Maupassant creates a society in which the division of two social classes, bourgeoisie and proletariat, are firmly established and maintained. Madame Loisel's husband is a proletariat class worker, though on the higher end of that scale, and Madame Loisel's friend, Mrs. Forestier, is wealthy and assumed to be a member of the bourgeoisie. By clearly defining the two social classes and having Madame Loisel desire to be a part of a class differing from her own, a class conflict is created. Madame Loisel, wishes to be a part of the bourgeoisie, but has no commodity or skills to sell, only her youth and beauty to be used to attract a husband. Without access to social circles where she can find a man with wealth and charm, she, a victim of interpolation is doomed to stay in a powerless situation with no way to approach the elegant lifestyle that she desires. The social class that she is currently a part of, the proletariat class, is noticeably less glamorous and sought after, but is, in fact, comfortable. Madame Loisel even has a servant, which, to her, is irrelevant, since the servant isn’t accompanied by wealth and social recognition. After losing a diamond necklace that Mrs. Forestier, her bourgeoisie friend, loans her, she struggles for ten years by working menial jobs to repay loans to replace the necklace and the division between their social classes grows. As time progresses, the Loisels sink lower and lower on the social scale, losing the small amount of social status they once had. Not until she converses with her long-lost friend, Madame Loisel discovers that all of her previous efforts were in vain. The diamond necklace that she felt connected her to the bourgeoisie was not diamonds at all, but cut glass. Maupassant uses this necklace as a metaphor to demonstrate that material objects have no real value in life. Society, due to gullibility and consumerism, has created the image that diamonds are invaluable so they are sought after....
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