Democracy in the Age of Globalisation
Clash of Civilizations or a Broken Clock?
In his book The End of History and the Last Man, Francis Fukuyama argues that the only ideological alternative for post-Cold War nations is a capitalist free market economy, human rights and liberal democracy and that the world had reached 'the end of history'. Samuel P. Huntington on the other hand believed that the worlds future primary axis of conflict will be along cultural and religious lines. In his book The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World order, Huntington claims that 'among civilizations the West has had a major and at times devastating impact on every other civilization' (Huntington, 1996, 183). This claim as been criticised as much as its been praised, and in this essay I will assess whether Huntington makes a fair argument for his statement.
The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order' offers a new political lens where tensions moved beyond the ideological divisions between 'the Free World' and 'the Communist Bloc'. Huntington presents a perspective where tension are between civilizations or 'cultural entities'. The fall of the Soviet Union was seen by many as a global triumph for democratic liberalism and the West now believes that 'the rest' should 'commit themselves to the Western values of democracy, free markets, limited government, human rights, individualism and the rule of law' (Huntington, 1996, 184). In the late twentieth century the expansion of the West promoted both modernization and westernization if non Western societies. These societies responded, according to Huntington, in one of three ways: Embracing both modernization and westernization;
Embracing modernization and rejecting westernization.
As a general rule, westernization and modernization seem to have a correlation. A non western society adopts to certain elements of western culture and makes slow progress towards...