Cjs/220 Punishment Philosophy Paper

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hment Research Paper

July 26, 2009
The first example of justification for punishment that I will be discussing will be deterrence. What deterrence means that it is the attempt to discourage criminality through the use of punishment. (Macionis, 2006) one example of deterrence is that you know the outcome of the punishment before you decide to break any sort of law. It is believe that this concept was based on the thought that citizens will not break the law if they think that the pain of the punishment will outweigh the pleasure of the crime. (Macionis, 2006) one example that I thought of for deterrence was that if you have any choice to leave early form where you are to reach your final destination on time without breaking any sort of laws on your way there, like speeding for instance. But if you are late, then you are then tempted to speed to get to you final destination which knowingly the consequences of speeding beforehand. Some might think that a speeding ticket is well worth the risk next to being maybe late for their job, party or planned get together. One crime that may be worth the risk for one person is not worth the risk for another especially if murder is involved. Which means the punishment is a lot harsher than just one lousy speeding ticket. The second form of justification of punishment that I will be talking about is retribution. Retribution is defined as the moral vengeance to satisfy a society to make the offender suffer as much as the suffering caused. (Macionis, 2006) some people would consider the death penalty a part of retribution. What I found was that many relatives of murder victims have discovered real retribution can never be achieved. (Economist, 1999) one example is that some people feel that the only way to fully repay hideous acts such as murder is to torture them, or have them endure tortures ways until death. Some believe that retribution is recognition that tit-for-tat vengeance is beyond the reach of human justice....
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